Ever considered what motivates narcissism? It’s pushed by insecurity and never an inflated sense of self, finds a brand new research.
The findings counsel that real narcissists are insecure and are finest described by the susceptible narcissism subtype, whereas grandiose narcissism may be higher understood as a manifestation of psychopathy.
“More specifically, the results suggest that narcissism is better understood as a compensatory adaptation to overcome and cover up low self-worth,” stated lead creator Mary Kowalchyk from the New York College.
“Narcissists are insecure, and they cope with these insecurities by flexing. This makes others like them less in the long run, thus further aggravating their insecurities, which then leads to a vicious cycle of flexing behaviours,” Kowalchyk added.
For the research, printed within the journal Persona and Particular person Variations, the crew surveyed almost 300 members. They examined Narcissistic Persona Dysfunction (NPD), conceptualised as extreme self-love and consisting of two subtypes, referred to as grandiose and susceptible narcissism.
A associated affliction, psychopathy, can be characterised by a grandiose sense of self. They sought to refine the understanding of how these situations relate.
To take action, they designed a novel measure, known as PRISN (Performative Refinement to assuage Insecurities about SophisticatioN), which produced FLEX (perFormative seLf-Elevation indeX). FLEX captures insecurity-driven self-conceptualizations which might be manifested as impression administration, resulting in self-elevating tendencies.
The PRISN scale consists of generally used measures to research social desirability (“No matter who I am talking to I am a good listener”), vanity (“On the whole, I am satisfied with myself”), and psychopathy (“I tend to lack remorse”).
FLEX was proven to be made up of 4 parts: impression administration (“I am likely to show off if I get the chance”), the necessity for social validation (“It matters that I am seen at important events”), self-elevation (“I have exquisite taste”), and social dominance (“I like knowing more than other people”).
Total, the outcomes confirmed excessive correlations between FLEX and narcissism — however not with psychopathy. For instance, the necessity for social validation (a FLEX metric) correlated with the reported tendency to interact in performative self-elevation (a attribute of susceptible narcissism).